During lifting heavy equipment, they are principles need to be followed. These will cause back sprains, muscle pulls, wrist, elbow, spinal and other injuries. Lifting heavy items is one of the leading cases of injury in the workplace. When lifting heavy goods caused back injuries, and causes shoulder pains. By twisting and turning were the more commonly cited movements that caused back injuries. Strains and sprains form lifting loads improperly or from carrying loads that are either too large or too heavy.
A) Bending and reaching
Bending and reaching moves the load away from the body and allows leverage to significantly increase the effective load on the back, leading to stress on the lower spine and muscle fatigue.
Carrying loads on one shoulder, under an arm, or in one hand creates uneven pressure on the spine.
Holding items for long periods, even the loads are light, it will increase the risk of back and shoulder injury since muscles can be starved of nutrients and waste products can build up.
B) Long duration lifting goods
Plan ahead when beginning work that will require high frequency and long-duration lifting.
This way, the work can be organized in such a way so as to minimize the time workers spend holding loads.
Adequate rest breaks can be planned in, as well as job rotation between employees.
Planning can also include the pre-assembly of work items to minimize the time spent handling them during the actual work
C) Inadequate handholds
Inadequate handholds, such as boxes without handles or oddly-shaped loads, make lifting more difficult, move the load away from the body, lower lift heights and increase the risk of contact stress and of dropping the load.
Be aware of extreme temperature so that can affect lifting and material handling.
When lifting something too heavy, the muscles in your back will be strained beyond what they can handle, leading to muscles sprains or tears, as mentioned earlier.
D) Wear protective equipment
Wear protective equipment to avoid finger injuries and contact stress.
Ensure that gloves fit properly and provide adequate grip.
Suction devices are helpful in lifting junction boxes and other materials with smooth, flat surfaces.
Other tools may be available that can create temporary handles.